John Cage - Music for Marcel Duchamp
  Year :   1947
  Location :   USA
  Worktype :   Composition
  Materials:   Prepared piano
  Info :  

  Work Details  
  Choreography: Merce Cunningham: Occasion Piece (1999) Published: Edition Peters 6728 1961 by Henmar Press. Also published in John Cage - Prepared Piano Music, Volume 2 1940-47, Edition Peters 67886b 2000 Manuscript: Score (holograph, signed, in ink - 7 p.) at New York Public Library. This music was originally written for the Duchamp part of Hans Richter's film Dreams that money can buy . The composition evokes timbres and harmonies of Asian music, as well as the music of Erik Satie: static, meditative and timeless. The music uses few tones, muted by weather stripping (seven pieces), a piece of rubber and one bolt. The soft materials give the music a less metallic sound and avoid fluctuations in resonance. This was important for Cage because the music had to be recorded and in the first recordings Cage noticed "how poor the piano [...] sounded". The rhythmic structure is eleven times eleven (extended); 2-1-1-3-1-2-1. A new idea in this work is the use of silence. This can be heard especially in the last part of the work, where seven times 2 bars of music are followed by 2 bars of silence. These repetitions create tension and are new aspect in Cage's music, stepping away from his usual rhythmic propulsions. Accessed 12.08.2009 from