LeonTheremin  
 
Country:   Russia
URL:   http://www.theremin.ru
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Léon Theremin was born in Saint Petersburg. His invention in 1919 of the theremin (also called the thereminvox) came at a time when his country was in the midst of the Russian Civil War. After a lengthy tour of Europe, during which time he demonstrated his invention to packed houses, Theremin found his way to America, playing the theremin with the New York Philharmonic in 1928. He patented his invention in 1929 .reator of the first in the world electronic musical tool of termenvoks (1919-20); one of the first television systems of television (1925-26); the first in the world rhythm- machine of ritmikon (1932); the systems of protection signalling, automatic doors and lighting; the first and most perfect overhearing devices, etc. It were borne in 1896 in Petersburg. It finished Petersburg conservatory according to the class of violoncello, it were trained in the division of physics and mathematics of Petersburg university. Since 1919. - manager of the laboratory of physicotechnical institute in Petrograd, simultaneously with 1923g. - he collaborated with GIMN'om (state institute of musical science, Moscow). In 1927 it was directed by Narkompros OF THE RSFSR into the foreign mission. It travelled over entire Europe, it was one of the most popular people in New York, it entered into the club of millionaires. In 1931-38 yr. - the director of the joint-stock company Teletouch Inc. (USA). In its New York studio there are and worked such outstanding people of their time as emigrant Albert Einstein, conductor Leopold stokovskiy, actor Charlie Chaplin, the artist of the mari Of elen Bute so forth and the like of his inventions, made in 20-40- e, years solidly entered into our custom. At the end of 1938 it returns in THE USSR. It is arrested into 1939 and osuzhden to 8 years of camps. Yr conducts to Kolyme, but large part of the period - in the legendary Tupolev's buffing-wheel. After release it works in the scientific research center THE KGB, developing different electronic systems. Since 1963. - the colleague of the acoustic laboratory of Moscow conservatory. At the end of the 60th because of the differences with the rectorate after the publication of article about Termene in the American newspaper "new -c1orkTa1ms", Leo Sergeyevich with the scandal they banish from the conservatory, it is forced to pass to the work in MGU. Since 1966 - colleague of the department of the acoustics of the physics department OF MGU(US1661058 [1]) and subsequently granted commercial production rights to RCA. Léon Theremin set up a laboratory in New York, in the 1930s, where he developed the theremin and experimented with other electronic musical instruments and other inventions, including the Rhythmicon, commissioned by the American composer and theorist Henry Cowell. In 1930, ten thereminists performed on stage at Carnegie Hall and, two years later, Léon conducted the first-ever electronic orchestra, featuring the theremin and other electronic instruments including a "Fingerboard" theremin which resembled a cello in use. Theremin's mentors during this time were society's foremost scientists, composers, and musical theorists, including composer Joseph Schillinger and physicist (and amateur violinist) Albert Einstein. At this time, Theremin worked closely with fellow Russian émigré and theremin virtuoso Clara Rockmore. Determined to establish his instrument in mainstream scientific and musical settings, Léon was interested in the role of the theremin in dance music. He developed performance locations that could automatically react to dancers' movements with varied patterns of sound and light. While working with the American Negro Ballet, the inventor fell in love with the young prima ballerina Lavinia Williams. His eventual marriage to the African-American dancer caused shock and disapproval in his social circles, but the ostracized couple remained together. Theremin returned to the Soviet Union in 1938. At the time, the circumstances of his return were unclear, with some claiming that he was simply homesick and others believing that he had been kidnapped by Soviet officials. His wife Lavinia was always certain the latter was true, and many years later it became known that Theremin had indeed been seized by Soviet KGB agents and made to return to his native land. Shortly after he returned, he was at Butyrka prison and later sent to work in the gold mines in Kolyma. Although rumors of his execution were widely circulated, Theremin was, in fact, put to work in a sharashka, together with Tupolev, Korolev and other well-known scientists and engineers, on several tasks. He was rehabilitated in 1956.
7 Selected Statements
      Worktype Info Year Country Admin
Classical Termenvoks Electronic Instrument - 1919 Russia Edit
Kovalskogo TermenVoks Electronic Instrument - 1919 Russia Edit
Termenvoks Etherwave Electronic Instrument - 1919 USA Edit
Experiments in the region of the light-music - - 1919 Russia Edit
Terpsiton - - 1954 USA Edit
Ritmikon Rhythmical experimental musical tool - 1963 Russia Edit
Fingerboard Theremin Electronic Instrument Laboratory of Musical Acoustics, Moscow conservatory 1965 Russia Edit