R. MurraySchafer  
 
Country:   Canada
URL:   http://www.patria.org
Email:
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12 nodes
Acoustic_Ecology
Natural_World
Soundscape
Mapping
Activist_Function
Space
Theatre
Academic_Function
Insitutional_Model
2006_Background_Noise(LaBelle)
1990_Sound_by_Artists(Lander)
2007_Sound_Art(Licht)
Canadian composer, writer, music educator and environmentalist best known for his World Soundscape Project, a concern for acoustic ecology, and the book The Tuning of the World (1977). Born in Sarnia, Ontario, he then studied at the Royal Schools of Music (England), the Royal Conservatory of Music, and the University of Toronto. His music education theories are followed in one way or another a bit around the world. He started soundscape studies at Simon Fraser University in the 60's. In addition to introducing the concept of soundscape he also coined the term schizophonia (1977), the splitting of a sound from its source or the condition caused by this split: We have split the sound from the maker of the sound. Sounds have been torn from their natural sockets and given an amplified and independent existence. Vocal sound, for instance, is no longer tied to a hole in the head but is free to issue from anywhere in the landscape (quoted in Mathieu 1994, p.223). Steven Feld (1994, p.265-271), borrowing a term from Gregory Bateson, calls the recombination and recontextualization of sounds split from their sources schismogenesis.
8 Selected Statements
      Worktype Info Year Country Admin
The New Soundscape Book Berandol 1968 Canada Edit
The Book of Noise Book Price, Milburn 1970 New Zealand Edit
World Soundscape Project Book / Research Project ARC Publications 1973 Canada Edit
The Music of the Environment Book Universal Edition 1973 Austria Edit
The Tuning of the World Book unspecified 1977 Canada Edit
The Thinking Ear Book Arcana Editions 1986 Canada Edit
Voices of Tyranny, Temples of Silence Book Arcana Editions - Toronto, Ontario 1993 Canada Edit
Northern Soundscapes, Yearbook of Soundscape Book University of Tampere 1998 Finland Edit